Indigenous village of Saraguro
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Etymology and historical antecedents
Etymologically the name of the village which is actually named Saraguro even is not totally determined. For several investigations it is consisting of “sara” which means maize and “Kuri” which means gold. For others it is the result of “sara” and “guro” which means maggot or “sara” and “guro” which means maize tree.
The actual territory habits for the Saraguros were geographical colonies of the Paltas, hotspurs for the Incas, in their hotspurs conquest of the villages of Chinchaysuyo (Kingdom of Quito), brought up to their compliance to the Zaras, Paltas and Cañaris.
A few historians defend that the Saraguros are “mitimaes cuzqueños”, brought in times of the Inca reign, to control the war of the guerillas, which could be organized especially by the Cañaris and Paltas. So many believed that they belong to the army of the real Inca (Inca noblemen).
There exist many hypotheses as soon as it is origin.
The first hypothesis is that the Saraguros are Mitmakuna (foreign) who arrived from the high plateau of Bolivia or of the department Collo in Peru, to appease the villages in the actual region in the south of Ecuador during the establishment of the Tahuantinsuyu.
The affirmation that the Saraguros are Mitimaes who arrived civilized the real army of the Incas (“Inca noblemen”) during the same epoch.
What ever was the origin of the Mitmakuna, it is sure that the Saraguros of today’s time are a product of crossbreeding between the Mitmakuna who arrived with the Incas and the villages who lived before in the local regions.
Since these principles of the colony, the Saraguros have been one of the small ethnos communities, who get royal warrant, assigned their own property of their land to defend it before the yoke of the landowner system, which forbade the Saraguros to develop themselves like farmers, independents and affirmative people in their own culture.
Through the change of the royal warrant who assigned the property of their land, the Saraguros had the possibility to maintain and defend the part of the way between Loja and Cuenca. For them installed a dairy farm (place of reception and arrivals) in Saraguro.